Censuses of Canada: Help
This page provides a list of services relating to the various censuses of
Canada that are available. Some of these services are provided by this web site
and others by other free web sites.
While services that permit viewing census data are available to all
visitors, there are additional services that permit you to contribute to
the expansion of free census searches. All of the census searches that are
implemented on this web-site can be contributed to by any registered user.
There are individual database tables for each of the
censuses of Canada, which record all or almost all
of the the values recorded in the individual enumeration forms of each of
the censuses. For the post-confederation (1867) censuses that is schedule 1.
There is also an option to perform a nominal search of
All censuses of Canada at once.
To support the application there are three additional tables:
- The District table
contains information about the districts into which
each census was divided. For the pre-confederation (1867) censuses
a District is the same as a County. Indeed the 1851 census was
delayed until 1852 precisely because in 1851 the counties
in Canada West (Ontario, formerly Upper Canada) were in the
process of being organized as a result of the constitutional changes
introduced as a result of the Durham Report. However for the
post-confederation censuses the enumeration districts are based upon
the electoral districts (called ridings in Canada).
contains information about each of the
enumeration sub-districts into which the Districts were divided.
Generally a Sub-District corresponds to a township, town, large village,
or city ward. If the population of a Sub-District was such as
to require being divided in order to keep the enumerator's workload
down, then the Sub-District was divided into Divisions. Each
division has a separate row in this table.
- The Page table
contains information about each individual page in the
individual enumeration schedule of every census.
This table is therefore conceptually
extremely large. However it is not populated for a given division
until the first page in that division is transcribed. Each entry
in the page table tracks information including
how many individuals are recorded on the page, and the URL of the
image of the original page, if that image is available on the web
from a free source (usually the Library and Archives of Canada web